- how our land came from Gisu’lg,
- the creation of the sky and the directions of north, south, east, west, up, down, and inward, the last of which signifies the abilities that lie within the human form,
- how, from these abilities, humans were able to make songs and rituals and to remember and tell stories,
- the making of fire, animals, plants and the ways humans were allowed to use them,
- how seven men and seven women founded our seven First Families, the basis of Mi’gmaq reliance on family groups,
- how the seven First Families created our seven political and social districts,
- how, from these foundations, we, the Mi’gmaq, established our culture and traditions.
- Weja’tegemgeg wesgijinuiteg Nnu, Mi’gmawa’j, ne’gaw geggung aq e’w’g assusuti siawiango’tmn sipu’l, nme’jg, nipugtl, wi’sisg, aq sisipg ula tet Gespe’gewa’gig, lluignegewei maqamigew Migma’gig. Ula assusuti wejiaq Gisu’lg.
- Ever since the Mi’gmaq were born, we have always had and used our authority to continue to care for the rivers, fish, woods, animals, and birds, here in Gespe’gewa’gi, the Seventh District of Mi’gma’gi. Our authority comes from the Creator.
Through the Mi’gmaq language and oral traditions, we can affirm our continuous occupancy and exclusive use of our territory.
Mi’gmaq Elders speak about sites, rivers and tributaries throughout all of Gespe’gewa’gi that were named, known and used by the Mi’gmaq long before the arrival of Europeans.
Our language bears testimony to our history within Gespe’gewa’gi and throughout Mi’gma’gi. Our language informs us of our relationships with the land and within the territory.
Through the Mi’gmaq language and oral traditions, knowledge of our land has been passed from one generation to the next over thousands of years.
- at the time of first contact with the French (in the late 16th century), we had already been living all throughout the Gaspé Peninsula, especially along the coastline on either side of the Baie des Chaleurs.
- in the Peace and Friendship treaties signed between the Mi’gmaq and the British Crown in the 1700’s, we never ceded or surrendered our land through the signing of these treaties.
- When the British signed agreements and treaties with our ancestors, the original inhabitants of this area, the Crown confirmed its belief that we were indeed a sovereign nation that had occupied our land for thousands of years and thus we had the sovereign right to enter into such treaties.