Since 2001, research has been conducted about the Mi’gmaq Nation’s historic and contemporary use and occupancy of Gespe’gewa’gi. Research has been undertaken in a number of areas. These include ecology; archaeology; anthropology; historical uses; treaties; and Mi’gmaq place names. Also, Ilapmeg Ta’n Telie’was’gp (a Traditional Use Study) was undertaken.
WHY THE CLAIM MAP IS NEEDED
The claim map is a necessary component of the Gespe’gewa’gi claims process because it shows the territory that we have occupied and used continuously for centuries.
Canada requires this kind of proof under their stated requirements for filing a Statement of Claim under the Comprehensive Land Claims program.
The claim map shows the “primary claim” area of the proposed Gespe’gewa’gi claim. It is vital that we support our claim with this proof because the governments of Canada and Québec require documentation of our use and occupancy of our territory.
DESCRIPTION OF THE CLAIM AREA
The primary claim area includes, but is not limited to, all the territory of the Seventh District of the Mi’gmaq Nation. The eight named First Nations communities of the district are shown. These eight are in what is now modern-day north-central and north-eastern New Brunswick and the southern and eastern shores of the Gaspé Peninsula of Québec.